Android Firebase Cloud Messaging


Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) is a cross-platform messaging solution that lets you reliably deliver messages at no cost.

Using FCM, you can notify a client app that new email or other data is available to sync. You can send notification messages to drive user reengagement and retention. For use cases such as instant messaging, a message can transfer a payload of up to 4KB to a client app.

Set Up a Firebase Cloud Messaging Client App on Android

  1. Complete the Installation and setup part to connect your app to Firebase.
    This will create the project in Firebase.

  2. Add the dependency for Firebase Cloud Messaging to your module-level build.gradle file:

dependencies {
     compile ''

Now you are ready to work with the FCM in Android.

FCM clients require devices running Android 2.3 or higher that also have the Google Play Store app installed, or an emulator running Android 2.3 with Google APIs.

Edit your AndroidManifest.xml file

        <action android:name=""/>

        <action android:name=""/>

Registration token

On initial startup of your app, the FCM SDK generates a registration token for the client app instance.
If you want to target single devices or create device groups, you'll need to access this token by extending FirebaseInstanceIdService.

The onTokenRefresh callback fires whenever a new token is generated and you can use the method FirebaseInstanceID.getToken() to retrieve the current token.


public class MyFirebaseInstanceIDService extends FirebaseInstanceIdService {

     * Called if InstanceID token is updated. This may occur if the security of
     * the previous token had been compromised. Note that this is called when the InstanceID token
     * is initially generated so this is where you would retrieve the token.

    public void onTokenRefresh() {
        // Get updated InstanceID token.
        String refreshedToken = FirebaseInstanceId.getInstance().getToken();
        Log.d(TAG, "Refreshed token: " + refreshedToken);



This is my FirebaseMessagingService

    public class MyFirebaseMessagingService extends FirebaseMessagingService { 
Bitmap bitmap;
public void onMessageReceived(RemoteMessage remoteMessage) {
    String message = remoteMessage.getData().get("message");
    //imageUri will contain URL of the image to be displayed with Notification 
    String imageUri = remoteMessage.getData().get("image");
    String link=remoteMessage.getData().get("link");
    //To get a Bitmap image from the URL received 
    bitmap = getBitmapfromUrl(imageUri);
    sendNotification(message, bitmap,link);
 * Create and show a simple notification containing the received FCM message. 
private void sendNotification(String messageBody, Bitmap image, String link) {
    Intent intent = new Intent(this, NewsListActivity.class);
    PendingIntent pendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0 /* Request code */, intent,
    Uri defaultSoundUri = RingtoneManager.getDefaultUri(RingtoneManager.TYPE_NOTIFICATION);
    NotificationCompat.Builder notificationBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this)
            .setLargeIcon(image)/*Notification icon image*/
            .setStyle(new NotificationCompat.BigPictureStyle()
                    .bigPicture(image))/*Notification with Image*/
    NotificationManager notificationManager =
            (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    notificationManager.notify(0 /* ID of notification */,;
public Bitmap getBitmapfromUrl(String imageUrl) {
    try { 
        URL url = new URL(imageUrl);
        HttpURLConnection connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        InputStream input = connection.getInputStream();
        Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(input);
        return bitmap;
    } catch (Exception e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block 
        return null; 

And this is MainActivity to open link in my WebView or other browser depand on your requirement through intents.

if (getIntent().getExtras() != null) {
    if (getIntent().getStringExtra("LINK")!=null) {
        Intent i=new Intent(this,BrowserActivity.class);

Receive Messages

To receive messages, use a service that extends FirebaseMessagingService and override the onMessageReceived method.

public class MyFcmListenerService extends FirebaseMessagingService {
     * Called when message is received.
     * @param remoteMessage Object representing the message received from Firebase Cloud Messaging.
    public void onMessageReceived(RemoteMessage message) {
        String from = message.getFrom();

        // Check if message contains a data payload.
        if (remoteMessage.getData().size() > 0) {
            Log.d(TAG, "Message data payload: " + remoteMessage.getData());
            Map<String, String> data = message.getData();

        // Check if message contains a notification payload.
        if (remoteMessage.getNotification() != null) {
            Log.d(TAG, "Message Notification Body: " + remoteMessage.getNotification().getBody());


When the app is in the background, Android directs notification messages to the system tray. A user tap on the notification opens the app launcher by default.

This includes messages that contain both notification and data payload (and all messages sent from the Notifications console). In these cases, the notification is delivered to the device's system tray, and the data payload is delivered in the extras of the intent of your launcher Activity.

Here a short recap:

App stateNotificationDataBoth
BackgroundSystem trayonMessageReceivedNotification: system tray
Data: in extras of the intent.

Subscribe to a topic

Client apps can subscribe to any existing topic, or they can create a new topic. When a client app subscribes to a new topic name, a new topic of that name is created in FCM and any client can subsequently subscribe to it.

To subscribe to a topic use the subscribeToTopic() method specifying the topic name: