Angular 2Angular2 Custom Validations

Parameters

parameterdescription
controlThis is the control that is being validated. Typically you will want to see if control.value meets some criteria.

Custom validator examples:

Angular 2 has two kinds of custom validators. Synchronous validators as in the first example that will run directly on the client and asynchronous validators (the second example) that you can use to call a remote service to do the validation for you. In this example the validator should call the server to see if a value is unique.

export class CustomValidators {

static cannotContainSpace(control: Control) {
    if (control.value.indexOf(' ') >= 0)
        return { cannotContainSpace: true };

    return null;
}

static shouldBeUnique(control: Control) {
    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        // Fake a remote validator.
        setTimeout(function () {
            if (control.value == "exisitingUser")
                resolve({ shouldBeUnique: true });
            else
                resolve(null);
        }, 1000);
    });
}}

If your control value is valid you simply return null to the caller. Otherwise you can return an object which describes the error.

Using validators in the Formbuilder

   constructor(fb: FormBuilder) {
    this.form = fb.group({
        firstInput: ['', Validators.compose([Validators.required, CustomValidators.cannotContainSpace]), CustomValidators.shouldBeUnique],
        secondInput: ['', Validators.required]
    });
}

Here we use the FormBuilder to create a very basic form with two input boxes. The FromBuilder takes an array for three arguments for each input control.

  1. The default value of the control.
  2. The validators that will run on the client. You can use Validators.compose([arrayOfValidators]) to apply multiple validators on your control.
  3. One or more async validators in a similar fashion as the second argument.

get/set formBuilder controls parameters

There are 2 ways to set formBuilder controls parameters.

  1. On initialize:
exampleForm : FormGroup;
constructor(fb: FormBuilder){
  this.exampleForm = fb.group({
      name : new FormControl({value: 'default name'}, Validators.compose([Validators.required, Validators.maxLength(15)]))
   });
}

2.After initialize:

this.exampleForm.controls['name'].setValue('default name');

Get formBuilder control value:

let name = this.exampleForm.controls['name'].value();