Angular 2Angular 2 Data Driven Forms

Remarks

this.myForm = this.formBuilder.group

creates a form object with user's configuration and assigns it to this.myForm variable.


'loginCredentials': this.formBuilder.group

method creates a group of controls which consist of a formControlName eg. login and value ['', Validators.required], where the first parameter is the initial value of the form input and the secons is a validator or an array of validators as in 'email': ['', [Validators.required, customValidator]],.


'hobbies': this.formBuilder.array

Creates an array of groups where the index of the group is formGroupName in the array and is accessed like :

<div *ngFor="let hobby of myForm.find('hobbies').controls; let i = index">
   <div formGroupName="{{i}}">...</div>
</div>

onAddHobby() {
    (<FormArray>this.myForm.find('hobbies')).push(new FormGroup({
      'hobby': new FormControl('', Validators.required)
    }))
  }

this sample method adds new formGroup to the array. Currently accessing requires specifing the type of control we want to access, in this example this type is : <FormArray>


removeHobby(index: number){
    (<FormArray>this.myForm.find('hobbies')).removeAt(index);
  }

same rules as above apply to removing a specific form control from the array

Data driven form

Component

    import {Component, OnInit} from '@angular/core';
import {
    FormGroup,
    FormControl,
    FORM_DIRECTIVES,
    REACTIVE_FORM_DIRECTIVES,
    Validators,
    FormBuilder,
    FormArray
} from "@angular/forms";
import {Control} from "@angular/common";

@Component({
  moduleId: module.id,
  selector: 'app-data-driven-form',
  templateUrl: 'data-driven-form.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['data-driven-form.component.css'],
  directives: [FORM_DIRECTIVES, REACTIVE_FORM_DIRECTIVES]
})
export class DataDrivenFormComponent  implements OnInit {
  myForm: FormGroup;

  constructor(private formBuilder: FormBuilder) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    this.myForm = this.formBuilder.group({
      'loginCredentials': this.formBuilder.group({
        'login': ['', Validators.required],
        'email': ['',  [Validators.required, customValidator]],
        'password': ['',  Validators.required]
      }),
      'hobbies': this.formBuilder.array([
        this.formBuilder.group({
          'hobby': ['', Validators.required]
        })
      ])
    });
  }

  removeHobby(index: number){
    (<FormArray>this.myForm.find('hobbies')).removeAt(index);
  }

  onAddHobby() {
    (<FormArray>this.myForm.find('hobbies')).push(new FormGroup({
      'hobby': new FormControl('', Validators.required)
    }))
  }

  onSubmit() {
    console.log(this.myForm.value);
  }
}

function customValidator(control: Control): {[s: string]: boolean} {
  if(!control.value.match("[a-z0-9!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-]+(?:\.[a-z0-9!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-]+)*@(?:[a-z0-9](?:[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?\.)+[a-z0-9](?:[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?")) {
    return {error: true}
  }
}

HTML Markup

<h3>Register page</h3>
<form [formGroup]="myForm" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
  <div formGroupName="loginCredentials">
    <div class="form-group">
      <div>
        <label for="login">Login</label>
        <input  id="login" type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="login">
      </div>
      <div>
        <label for="email">Email</label>
        <input  id="email" type="text" class="form-control"  formControlName="email">
      </div>
      <div>
        <label for="password">Password</label>
        <input  id="password" type="text" class="form-control"  formControlName="password">
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="row" >
    <div  formGroupName="hobbies">
      <div class="form-group">
        <label>Hobbies array:</label>
        <div  *ngFor="let hobby of myForm.find('hobbies').controls; let i = index">
          <div formGroupName="{{i}}">
            <input id="hobby_{{i}}" type="text" class="form-control"  formControlName="hobby">
            <button *ngIf="myForm.find('hobbies').length > 1" (click)="removeHobby(i)">x</button>
          </div>
        </div>
        <button (click)="onAddHobby()">Add hobby</button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <button type="submit" [disabled]="!myForm.valid">Submit</button>
</form>