clojure Truthiness


In Clojure everything that is not nil or false is considered logical true.


(boolean nil)        ;=> false
(boolean false)      ;=> false
(boolean true)       ;=> true
(boolean :a)         ;=> true
(boolean "false")    ;=> true
(boolean 0)          ;=> true
(boolean "")         ;=> true
(boolean [])         ;=> true
(boolean '())        ;=> true

(filter identity [:a false :b true])   ;=> (:a :b true)
(remove identity [:a false :b true])   ;=> (false)


Any value in Clojure is considered truthy unless it is false or nil. You can find the truthiness of a value with (boolean value). You can find the truthiness of a list of values using (or), which returns true if any arguments are truthy, or (and) which returns true if all arguments are truthy.

=> (or false nil)
nil    ; none are truthy
=> (and '() [] {} #{} "" :x 0 1 true)
true    ; all are truthy
=> (boolean "false")
true    ; because naturally, all strings are truthy