cobolADD statement

Remarks

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Where rounded-phase is

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ADD statement

ADD 1 TO cobol

This modifies the variable cobol. Overflow silently ignored.

ADD 1 TO cobol GIVING GnuCOBOL

This doesn't modify cobol, the result of the ADD being stored in GnuCOBOL. Again, overflow of the storage allocation silently ignored (the field will stay at its old value on size errors and there will be no exception raised).

ADD
    a b c d f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
    GIVING total-of
    ON SIZE ERROR
        PERFORM log-problem
    NOT ON SIZE ERROR
        PERFORM graph-result
END-ADD

Multiple inputs are allowed, with storage size testing explicit. COBOL has an intrinsic FUNCTION E, so it not a wise choice for a single letter identifier.

SIZE ERROR in COBOL is dependent on type and/or PICTURE. A PIC 9 field will only safely store values from 0 to 9, an intermediate result of 10 would trigger the ON SIZE ERROR phrase in that case.