Cloning a huge repository (like a project with multiple years of history) might take a long time, or fail because of the amount of data to be transferred. In cases where you don't need to have the full history available, you can do a shallow clone:
git clone [repo_url] --depth 1
The above command will fetch just the last commit from the remote repository.
Be aware that you may not be able to resolve merges in a shallow repository. It's often a good idea to take at least as many commits are you are going to need to backtrack to resolve merges. For example, to instead get the last 50 commits:
git clone [repo_url] --depth 50
Later, if required, you can the fetch the rest of the repository:
git fetch --unshallow # equivalent of git fetch -–depth=2147483647 # fetches the rest of the repository
git fetch --depth=1000 # fetch the last 1000 commits
To download the entire repository including the full history and all branches, type:
git clone <url>
The example above will place it in a directory with the same name as the repository name.
To download the repository and save it in a specific directory, type:
git clone <url> [directory]
For more details, visit Clone a repository.
To clone a specific branch of a repository, type
--branch <branch name> before the repository url:
git clone --branch <branch name> <url> [directory]
To use the shorthand option for
-b. This command downloads entire repository and checks out
To save disk space you can clone history leading only to single branch with:
git clone --branch <branch_name> --single-branch <url> [directory]
--single-branch is not added to the command, history of all branches will be cloned into
[directory]. This can be issue with big repositories.
To later undo
--single-branch flag and fetch the rest of repository use command:
git config remote.origin.fetch "+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*" git fetch origin
git clone <url> --recursive
Clones the repository and also clones all submodules. If the submodules themselves contain additional submodules, Git will also clone those.
If you need to download files with git under a proxy, setting proxy server system-wide couldn't be enough. You could also try the following:
git config --global http.proxy http://<proxy-server>:<port>/