GitGit Client-Side Hooks

Introduction

Like many other Version Control Systems, Git has a way to fire off custom scripts when certain important actions occur. There are two groups of these hooks: client-side and server-side. Client-side hooks are triggered by operations such as committing and merging, while server-side hooks run on network operations such as receiving pushed commits. You can use these hooks for all sorts of reasons.

Installing a Hook

The hooks are all stored in the hooks sub directory of the Git directory. In most projects, that’s .git/hooks.

To enable a hook script, put a file in the hooks subdirectory of your .git directory that is named appropriately (without any extension) and is executable.

Git pre-push hook

pre-push script is called by git push after it has checked the remote status, but before anything has been pushed. If this script exits with a non-zero status nothing will be pushed.

This hook is called with the following parameters:

 $1 -- Name of the remote to which the push is being done (Ex: origin)
 $2 -- URL to which the push is being done (Ex: https://<host>:<port>/<username>/<project_name>.git)

Information about the commits which are being pushed is supplied as lines to the standard input in the form:

<local_ref> <local_sha1> <remote_ref> <remote_sha1>

Sample values:

local_ref = refs/heads/master
local_sha1 = 68a07ee4f6af8271dc40caae6cc23f283122ed11
remote_ref = refs/heads/master
remote_sha1 = efd4d512f34b11e3cf5c12433bbedd4b1532716f

Below example pre-push script was taken from default pre-push.sample which was automatically created when a new repository is initialized with git init

# This sample shows how to prevent push of commits where the log message starts
# with "WIP" (work in progress).

remote="$1"
url="$2"

z40=0000000000000000000000000000000000000000

while read local_ref local_sha remote_ref remote_sha
do
    if [ "$local_sha" = $z40 ]
    then
        # Handle delete
        :
    else
        if [ "$remote_sha" = $z40 ]
        then
            # New branch, examine all commits
            range="$local_sha"
        else
            # Update to existing branch, examine new commits
            range="$remote_sha..$local_sha"
        fi

        # Check for WIP commit
        commit=`git rev-list -n 1 --grep '^WIP' "$range"`
        if [ -n "$commit" ]
        then
            echo >&2 "Found WIP commit in $local_ref, not pushing"
            exit 1
        fi
    fi
done

exit 0