GoSQL

Remarks

For a list of SQL database drivers see the official Go wiki article SQLDrivers.

The SQL drivers are imported and prefixed by _, so that they are only available to driver.

Querying

This example is showing how to query a database with database/sql, taking as example a MySql database.

package main

import (
    "log"
    "fmt"
    "database/sql"
    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
)

func main() {
    dsn := "mysql_username:[email protected](localhost:3306)/dbname"

    db, err := sql.Open("mysql", dsn)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
    defer sql.Close()

    rows, err := db.Query("select id, first_name from user limit 10")
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
    defer rows.Close()

    for rows.Next() {
        var id int
        var username string
        if err := rows.Scan(&id, &username); err != nil {
            log.Fatal(err)
        }
        fmt.Printf("%d-%s\n", id, username)
    }
}

MySQL

To enable MySQL, a database driver is needed. For example github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql.

import (
    "database/sql"
    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
)

Opening a database

Opening a database is database specific, here there are examples for some databases.

Sqlite 3

file := "path/to/file"
db_, err := sql.Open("sqlite3", file)
if err != nil {
    panic(err)
}

MySql

dsn := "mysql_username:[email protected](localhost:3306)/dbname"
db, err := sql.Open("mysql", dsn)
if err != nil {
    panic(err)
}

MongoDB: connect & insert & remove & update & query

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "time"

    log "github.com/Sirupsen/logrus"
    mgo "gopkg.in/mgo.v2"
    "gopkg.in/mgo.v2/bson"
)

var mongoConn *mgo.Session

type MongoDB_Conn struct {
    Host string `json:"Host"`
    Port string `json:"Port"`
    User string `json:"User"`
    Pass string `json:"Pass"`
    DB   string `json:"DB"`
}

func MongoConn(mdb MongoDB_Conn) (*mgo.Session, string, error) {
    if mongoConn != nil {
        if mongoConn.Ping() == nil {
            return mongoConn, nil
        }
    }
    user := mdb.User
    pass := mdb.Pass
    host := mdb.Host
    port := mdb.Port
    db := mdb.DB
    if host == "" || port == "" || db == "" {
        log.Fatal("Host or port or db is nil")
    }
    url := fmt.Sprintf("mongodb://%s:%[email protected]%s:%s/%s", user, pass, host, port, db)
    if user == "" {
        url = fmt.Sprintf("mongodb://%s:%s/%s", host, port, db)
    }
    mongo, err := mgo.DialWithTimeout(url, 3*time.Second)
    if err != nil {
        log.Errorf("Mongo Conn Error: [%v], Mongo ConnUrl: [%v]",
            err, url)
        errTextReturn := fmt.Sprintf("Mongo Conn Error: [%v]", err)
        return &mgo.Session{}, errors.New(errTextReturn)
    }
    mongoConn = mongo
    return mongoConn, nil
}

func MongoInsert(dbName, C string, data interface{}) error {
    mongo, err := MongoConn()
    if err != nil {
        log.Error(err)
        return err
    }
    db := mongo.DB(dbName)
    collection := db.C(C)
    err = collection.Insert(data)
    if err != nil {
        return err
    }
    return nil
}

func MongoRemove(dbName, C string, selector bson.M) error {
    mongo, err := MongoConn()
    if err != nil {
        log.Error(err)
        return err
    }
    db := mongo.DB(dbName)
    collection := db.C(C)
    err = collection.Remove(selector)
    if err != nil {
        return err
    }
    return nil
}

func MongoFind(dbName, C string, query, selector bson.M) ([]interface{}, error) {
    mongo, err := MongoConn()
    if err != nil {
        return nil, err
    }
    db := mongo.DB(dbName)
    collection := db.C(C)
    result := make([]interface{}, 0)
    err = collection.Find(query).Select(selector).All(&result)
    return result, err
}

func MongoUpdate(dbName, C string, selector bson.M, update interface{}) error {
    mongo, err := MongoConn()
    if err != nil {
        log.Error(err)
        return err
    }
    db := mongo.DB(dbName)
    collection := db.C(C)
    err = collection.Update(selector, update)
    if err != nil {
        return err
    }
    return nil
}