AI Code



While many uses of the encoding/xml package include marshaling and unmarshaling to a Go struct, it's worth noting that this is not a direct mapping. The package documentation states:

Mapping between XML elements and data structures is inherently flawed: an XML element is an order-dependent collection of anonymous values, while a data structure is an order-independent collection of named values.

For simple, unordered, key-value pairs, using a different encoding such as Gob's or JSON may be a better fit. For ordered data or event / callback based streams of data, XML may be the best choice.

Basic decoding / unmarshalling of nested elements with data

XML elements often nest, have data in attributes and/or as character data. The way to capture this data is by using ,attr and ,chardata respectively for those cases.

var doc = `
  <child1 attr1="attribute one"/>
  <child2>and some cdata</child2>

type parent struct {
    Child1 child1 `xml:"child1"`
    Child2 child2 `xml:"child2"`

type child1 struct {
    Attr1 string `xml:"attr1,attr"`

type child2 struct {
    Cdata1 string `xml:",cdata"`

func main() {
    var obj parent
    err := xml.Unmarshal([]byte(doc), &obj)
    if err != nil {




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