jsfJSF Templates

Remarks

JSF provides special tags to create common layout for a web application called facelets tags. These tags gives flexibility to manage common parts of a multiple pages at one place.

Namespaces:

xmlns:h="http://xmlns.jcp.org/jsf/html"
xmlns:ui="http://xmlns.jcp.org/jsf/facelets"

How to create a template

Setting up a template for one application

Create a file named template.xhtml under the /WEB-INF folder, that way the template files will be accessible only for the framework.

/WEB-INF/template.xhtml

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en"
    xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
    xmlns:h="http://xmlns.jcp.org/jsf/html"
    xmlns:ui="http://xmlns.jcp.org/jsf/facelets">

    <h:head>
        <title><ui:define name="title">Default title</ui:define></title>
    </h:head>

    <h:body>
        <!-- Some styles that we might include for our whole application -->
        <h:outputStylesheet name="css/template.css" />

        <!-- Shared content for the application, e.g. a header, this can be an include -->
        <div>
            Application Header
        </div>

        <!-- The content we want to define in our template client -->
        <div>
            <ui:insert name="content" />
        </div>
    </h:body>
</html>

This file will act as a template for the application. Now we'll define a specific view in our view directory.

/home.xhtml

<ui:composition template="/WEB-INF/template.xhtml"
    xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
    xmlns:ui="http://xmlns.jcp.org/jsf/facelets">

    <ui:define name="title">Home</ui:define>

    <ui:define name="content">
        Welcome to the application!
    </ui:define>
</ui:composition>

Have a look at the template attribute in this client view, this tells JSF to use the template we want. Then, using <ui:define> we define specific content to be inserted where it is told in the template. Accessing /home.xhtml in client will render the whole result.