Node.js Good coding style


I would recommend to a beginner to start with this style of coding. And if anybody can suggest a better way(p.s i opted this technique and is working efficiently for me in an app used by more then 100k users), feel free for any suggestions. TIA.

Basic program for signup

Through this example, it will be explained to divide the node.js code into different modules/folders for better undertandibility. Following this technique makes it easier for other developers to understand the code as he can directly refer to concerned file instead of going through whole code. The major use is when you are working in a team and a new developer joins at a later stage, it will get easier for him to gel up with the code itself.

index.js :- This file will manage server connection.

//Import Libraries
var express = require('express'),
    session = require('express-session'),
    mongoose = require('mongoose'),
    request = require('request');

//Import custom modules
var userRoutes = require('./app/routes/userRoutes');
var config = require('./app/config/config');

//Connect to Mongo DB

//Create a new Express application and Configure it
var app = express();

//Configure Routes
app.use(config.API_PATH, userRoutes());

//Start the server
console.log('Server started at - '+ config.URL+ ":" +config.PORT);

config.js:-This file will manage all the configuration related params which will remain same throughout.

var config = {
URL: '',
API_PATH : '/api', 
PORT : process.env.PORT || 8080,
DB : {
    //MongoDB configuration
    HOST : 'localhost',
    PORT : '27017',
    DATABASE : 'db'

 * Get DB Connection String for connecting to MongoDB database
getDBString : function(){
    return 'mongodb://'+ this.DB.HOST +':'+ this.DB.PORT +'/'+ this.DB.DATABASE;

 * Get the http URL 
getHTTPUrl : function(){
    return 'http://' + this.URL + ":" + this.PORT;

module.exports = config;

user.js:- Model file where schema is defined

var mongoose = require('mongoose');
var Schema = mongoose.Schema;

//Schema for User
var UserSchema = new Schema({
    name: {
        type: String,
    //    required: true
    email: {
        type: String
    password: {
        type: String,
        //required: true
    dob: {
        type: Date,
        //required: true
    gender: {
        type: String, // Male/Female
    //    required: true

//Define the model for User
var User;
    User = mongoose.model('User');
    User = mongoose.model('User', UserSchema);

//Export the User Model
module.exports = User;

userController:- This file contains the function for user signUp

var User = require('../models/user');
var crypto = require('crypto');

//Controller for User
var UserController = {

    //Create a User
    create: function(req, res){
        var repassword = req.body.repassword;
        var password = req.body.password;
        var userEmail =;

        //Check if the email address already exists
        User.find({"email": userEmail}, function(err, usr){
            if(usr.length > 0){
                //Email Exists
                res.json('Email already exists');
                //New Email
                //Check for same passwords
                if(password != repassword){
                    res.json('Passwords does not match');

                //Generate Password hash based on sha1
                var shasum = crypto.createHash('sha1');
                var passwordHash = shasum.digest('hex');

                //Create User
                var user = new User();
                user.password = passwordHash;
                user.dob = Date.parse(req.body.dob) || "";
                user.gender = req.body.gender;

                //Validate the User
                        //Finally save the User
                            //Remove Password before sending User details
                            user.password = undefined;


module.exports = UserController;

userRoutes.js:- This the route for userController

var express = require('express');
var UserController = require('../controllers/userController');

//Routes for User
var UserRoutes = function(app)
    var router = express.Router();


return router;


module.exports = UserRoutes;

The above example may appear too big but if a beginner at node.js with a little blend of express knowledge tries to go through this will find it easy and really helpful.