Oracle DatabaseLimiting the rows returned by a query (Pagination)

Get first N rows with row limiting clause

The FETCH clause was introduced in Oracle 12c R1:

SELECT   val
FROM     mytable
ORDER BY val DESC
FETCH FIRST 5 ROWS ONLY;

An example without FETCH that works also in earlier versions:

SELECT * FROM (
   SELECT   val
   FROM     mytable
   ORDER BY val DESC
) WHERE ROWNUM <= 5;

Pagination in SQL

SELECT val 
FROM   (SELECT val, rownum AS rnum
        FROM   (SELECT val
                FROM   rownum_order_test
                ORDER BY val)
        WHERE rownum <= :upper_limit)
WHERE  rnum >= :lower_limit ;

this way we can paginate the table data , just like web serch page

Get N numbers of Records from table

We can limit no of rows from result using rownum clause

select * from 
( 
  select val from  mytable
) where rownum<=5

If we want first or last record then we want order by clause in inner query that will give result based on order.

Last Five Record :

select * from 
( 
    select val from  mytable order by val desc
) where rownum<=5

First Five Record

select * from 
( 
    select val from  mytable order by val
) where rownum<=5

Get row N through M from many rows (before Oracle 12c)

Use the analytical function row_number():

with t as (
  select col1
  , col2
  , row_number() over (order by col1, col2) rn
  from table
)
select col1
, col2
from t
where rn between N and M; -- N and M are both inclusive

Oracle 12c handles this more easily with OFFSET and FETCH.

Skipping some rows then taking some

In Oracle 12g+

SELECT Id, Col1
FROM TableName 
ORDER BY Id
OFFSET 20 ROWS FETCH NEXT 20 ROWS ONLY;

In earlier Versions

SELECT Id, 
   Col1
 FROM (SELECT Id,
           Col1,
           row_number() over (order by Id) RowNumber
      FROM TableName)
WHERE RowNumber BETWEEN 21 AND 40

Skipping some rows from result

In Oracle 12g+

SELECT Id, Col1
FROM TableName 
ORDER BY Id
OFFSET 5 ROWS;

In earlier Versions

SELECT Id, 
   Col1
 FROM (SELECT Id,
           Col1,
           row_number() over (order by Id) RowNumber
      FROM TableName)
WHERE RowNumber > 20