Oracle DatabaseWorking with Dates

Date Arithmetic

Oracle supports DATE (includes time to the nearest second) and TIMESTAMP (includes time to fractions of a second) datatypes, which allow arithmetic (addition and subtraction) natively. For example:

To get the next day:

select to_char(sysdate + 1, 'YYYY-MM-DD') as tomorrow from dual;

To get the previous day:

select to_char(sysdate - 1, 'YYYY-MM-DD') as yesterday from dual;

To add 5 days to the current date:

select to_char(sysdate + 5, 'YYYY-MM-DD') as five_days_from_now from dual;

To add 5 hours to the current date:

select to_char(sysdate + (5/24), 'YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS') as five_hours_from_now from dual;

To add 10 minutes to the current date:

select to_char(sysdate + (10/1440), 'YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS') as ten_mintues_from_now from dual;

To add 7 seconds to the current date:

select to_char(sysdate + (7/86400), 'YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS') as seven_seconds_from_now from dual;

To select rows where hire_date is 30 days ago or more:

select * from emp where hire_date < sysdate - 30;

To select rows where last_updated column is in the last hour:

select * from logfile where last_updated >= sysdate - (1/24);

Oracle also provides the built-in datatype INTERVAL which represents a duration of time (e.g. 1.5 days, 36 hours, 2 months, etc.). These can also be used with arithmetic with DATE and TIMESTAMP expressions. For example:

select * from logfile where last_updated >= sysdate - interval '1' hour;

Add_months function

Syntax: add_months(p_date, integer) return date;

Add_months function adds amt months to p_date date.

SELECT add_months(date'2015-01-12', 2) m FROM dual;
M
2015-03-12

You can also substract months using a negative amt

SELECT add_months(date'2015-01-12', -2) m FROM dual;
M
2014-11-12

When the calculated month has fewer days as the given date, the last day of the calculated month will be returned.

SELECT to_char( add_months(date'2015-01-31', 1),'YYYY-MM-DD') m FROM dual;
M
2015-02-28