RustPrimitive Data Types

Scalar Types

Integers

Signed: i8, i16, i32, i64, isize

Unsigned: u8, u16, u32, u64, usize

The type of an integer literal, say 45, will be automatically inferred from context. But to force it, we add a suffix: 45u8 (without space) will be typed u8.

Note: Size of isize and usize depend on the architecture. On 32-bit arch, it's 32-bits, and on 64-bit, you guessed it!

Floating Points

f32 and f64.

If you just write 2.0, it is f64 by default, unless the type inference determine otherwise!

To force f32, either define the variable with f32 type, or suffix the literal: 2.0f32.

Booleans

bool, having values true and false.

Characters

char, with values written as 'x'. In single quotes, contain a single Unicode Scalar Value, which means that it is valid to have an emoji in it! Here are 3 more examples: '😻', '\u{3f}', '\u{1d160}'.