• transform="[functions]*"
  • translate(x[,y])
  • rotate(θ[,x,y])
  • scale(x[,y])
  • skewX(θ)
  • skewY(θ)
  • matrix(a,b,c,d,e,f)

Applying Transformations

Transformations can be applied to elements by adding a transform attribute:

<circle cx="0" cy="0" r="50" transform="translate(50,50)"/>

Or to groups of elements enclosed in <g> tags:

<g transform="translate(50,50)">
<circle cx="0" cy="0" r="50"/>
<circle cx="0" cy="0" r="25" fill="white"/>

More transformations can be applied to the same element by adding them separated by spaces:

<circle cx="0" cy="0" r="50" transform="translate(50,50) scale(.5)"/>

Transformation functions


translate moves graphics along specified vectors:

<circle cx="0" cy="0" r="50" transform="translate(50,50)"/>

The first value is the x translation, and the second the y. If the y is omitted, it will default to 0.


scale resizes elements by specified ratios:

<circle cx="50" cy="50" r="25" transform="scale(.5,2)"/>

Like translate, the arguments are x, then y. However, in scale, if the y is omitted, it will default to the value of x; in other words, it scales the element without changing the aspect ratio.


rotate rotates elements by specified angles.

<!-- <rect> used for this example because circles can't be rotated -->
<rect width="100" height="5" transform="rotate(90,50,50)"/>

The first value is the angle, in degrees. The transformation is applied clockwise. The other two values represent the point to be rotated around, defaulting to the origin.