Vue.jsDynamic Components

Remarks

<component> is a reserved component element, don't be confused with components instance.

v-bind is a directive. Directives are prefixed with v- to indicate that they are special attributes provided by Vue.

Simple Dynamic Components Example

Dynamically switch beetween multiple components using <component> element and pass data to v-bind:is attribute:

Javascript:

new Vue({
  el: '#app',
  data: {
    currentPage: 'home'
  },
  components: {
    home: {
      template: "<p>Home</p>"
    },
    about: {
      template: "<p>About</p>"
    },
    contact: {
      template: "<p>Contact</p>"
    }
  }
})

HTML:

<div id="app">
   <component v-bind:is="currentPage">
       <!-- component changes when currentPage changes! -->
       <!-- output: Home -->
   </component>
</div>

Snippet:

Live Demo

Pages Navigation with keep-alive

Sometimes you want to keep the switched-out components in memory, to make that happen, you should use <keep-alive> element:

Javascript:

new Vue({
  el: '#app',
  data: {
    currentPage: 'home',
  },
  methods: {
     switchTo: function(page) {
            this.currentPage = page;
     }
  },
  components: {
    home: {
      template: `<div>
                 <h2>Home</h2>
                 <p>{{ homeData }}</p>
                 </div>`,
      data: function() {
         return {
            homeData: 'My about data'    
         }
       }
     },
    about: {
      template: `<div>
                 <h2>About</h2>
                 <p>{{ aboutData }}</p>
                 </div>`,
      data: function() {
         return {
            aboutData: 'My about data'
         }
      }
    },
    contact: {
      template: `<div>
             <h2>Contact</h2>
             <form method="POST" @submit.prevent>
             <label>Your Name:</label>
             <input type="text" v-model="contactData.name" >
             <label>You message: </label>
             <textarea v-model="contactData.message"></textarea>
             <button type="submit">Send</button>
             </form>
             </div>`,
       data: function() {
          return {
            contactData: { name:'', message:'' }   
         }
      }
    }
  }
})

HTML:

<div id="app">
  <div class="navigation">
    <ul>
      <li><a href="#home" @click="switchTo('home')">Home</a></li>
      <li><a href="#about" @click="switchTo('about')">About</a></li>
      <li><a href="#contact" @click="switchTo('contact')">Contact</a></li>
    </ul>
  </div>

  <div class="pages">
    <keep-alive>
      <component :is="currentPage"></component>
    </keep-alive>
  </div>
</div>

CSS:

.navigation {
  margin: 10px 0;
}

.navigation ul {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

.navigation ul li {
  display: inline-block;
  margin-right: 20px;
}

input, label, button {
  display: block
}

input, textarea {
  margin-bottom: 10px;
}

Snippet:

Live Demo