WordPressEnqueuing scripts

Syntax

  • wp_enqueue_script( $handle, $src, $deps, $ver, $in_footer)

Parameters

ParameterDetails
$handle(string) (Required) Name of the script. Should be unique.
$src(string) (Optional) Full URL of the script, or path of the script relative to the WordPress root directory. Default value: false
$deps(array) (Optional) An array of registered script handles this script depends on. Default value: array()
$ver(string | bool | null) (Optional) String specifying script version number, if it has one, which is added to the URL as a query string for cache busting purposes. If version is set to false, a version number is automatically added equal to current installed WordPress version. If set to null, no version is added. Default value: false
$in_footer(bool) (Optional) Whether to enqueue the script before </body> instead of in the <head>. Default value: false

Enqueuing scripts in functions.php

If you want to add custom.js script that is located in the js/ folder of your theme, you'll need to enqueue it. In functions.php add

<?php

add_action( 'after_setup_theme', 'yourtheme_theme_setup' );

if ( ! function_exists( 'yourtheme_theme_setup' ) ) {
    function yourtheme_theme_setup() {

        add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'yourtheme_scripts' );
        add_action( 'admin_enqueue_scripts', 'yourtheme_admin_scripts' );

    }
}

if ( ! function_exists( 'yourtheme_scripts' ) ) {
    function yourtheme_scripts() {

        wp_enqueue_script( 'yourtheme_custom', get_template_directory_uri().'/js/custom.js', array( 'jquery' ), '1.0.0', true );

    }
}

if ( ! function_exists( 'yourtheme_admin_scripts' ) ) {
    function yourtheme_admin_scripts() {

        wp_enqueue_script( 'yourtheme_custom', get_template_directory_uri().'/js/custom.js', array( 'jquery-ui-autocomplete', 'jquery' ), '1.0.0', true );

    }
}

Enqueue scripts for IE only

add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'enqueue_my_styles_and_scripts' );

/**
 * Enqueue scripts (or styles) conditionally.
 *
 * Load scripts (or stylesheets) specifically for IE. IE10 and above does
 * not support conditional comments in standards mode.
 *
 * @link https://gist.github.com/wpscholar/4947518
 * @link https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms537512(v=vs.85).aspx
 */
function enqueue_my_styles_and_scripts() {

     // Internet Explorer HTML5 support
    wp_enqueue_script( 'html5shiv',get_template_directory_uri().'/js/html5shiv.js', array(), '3.7.3', false);
    wp_script_add_data( 'html5shiv', 'conditional', 'lt IE 9' );

    // Internet Explorer 8 media query support
    wp_enqueue_script( 'respond', get_template_directory_uri().'/js/respond.js', array(), '1.4.2', false);
    wp_script_add_data( 'respond', 'conditional', 'lt IE 9' );

}

Enqueuing Scripts conditionally for specific pages

You can use conditional operators in WordPress to enqueue scripts on specific pages of your Website.

function load_script_for_single_post(){
    if(is_single()){
        wp_enqueue_script(
                'some',
                get_template_directory_uri().'/js/some.js',
                array('jquery),
                '1.0.0', 
                false
        );

    }
} 
add_action('wp_enqueue_scripts','load_script_for_single_post');

In the above example, if the current webpage is single post, script will be enqueued. Otherwise wp_enqueue_script function will not be executed.